The Smoking Rights of Man and of the Citizen

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France Revisited inaugurates a new photo series entitled “Written Images” with this photograph taken in the Concorde metro station in Paris showing Article 10 of The Declaration of the Rights of Man and of the Citizen.

The Declaration, which is fully spelled out in the Concorde station, sets forth fundamental rights in France (and beyond). Now a part of the Preamble of the French Constitution, the Declaration was adopted on Aug. 26, 1789 by the National Constituent Assembly and ratified under duress by King Louis XVI on October 5, 1789, spelling the beginning of the end of the feudal system and the Ancien Régime.


Translation: No one may be questioned about his opinions, even religious, provided that their manifestation does not trouble the public order established by the law… and provided that he does not hold them while smoking in the metro.

– Image and text: GLK


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